Five years ago, the flood of record was nearly catastrophic for the cities of Fargo and Moorhead. Minnesota and North Dakota officials have been cooperating since 2009 in an exhaustive effort to build permanent protection against severe flooding for the F-M area. Those efforts led to the formation and membership of the Diversion Authority board that exists today.
“Fargo and Moorhead, West Fargo, Dilworth…we’ve been in this together from the get go,” said Nancy Otto, Diversion Authority member and Moorhead, MN City Council member. “We almost lost portions of our cities back in 2009. Have we done a lot since then? Yes, we have. We’ve done a lot, but we have not done enough.”
Minnesota Majorities Chose Current North Dakota Diversion Plan
The cooperation between North Dakota and Minnesota for flood protection was fortified in 2009 when the Metro Flood Management Committee was formed. All parties agreed that something needed to be done to protect the metro area from future catastrophic floods. The Metro Flood Management Committee consisted of elected officials from Fargo, Moorhead, Cass County, and Clay County, along with one appointed representative from the watershed district on each side of the river. There were 15 Minnesota members and 11 North Dakota members.
Next, the group evolved into the Metropolitan Flood Management Work Group with a slightly more condensed membership. This group consisted of six Minnesota and five North Dakota representatives. These representatives came from the same six public entities across both states. This group was co-chaired with representatives from both states, and the group met regularly from 2009 to 2011.
The majority of the members of the Metropolitan Flood Management Work Group were Minnesotans. In April, 2011, they voted unanimously to endorse a North Dakota diversion plan that included staging water upstream. Each of the six entities, three in each state, approved a resolution in support of the North Dakota diversion with the upstream staging area.
North Dakota Carries 90 Percent of Non-Federal Funding
After it became clear that most of the Diversion Project would be constructed in North Dakota, the majority of the impacts would be in North Dakota, and the majority of the benefits would be in North Dakota, it was decided that North Dakota should also provide the funding for the majority of the Project. The tentative agreement was that North Dakota entities would cover 90 percent of the estimated one billion-dollar, non-federal, cost; and Minnesota would cover the remaining 10 percent, or $100 million.
At the time, the North Dakota diversion decision and the 90/10 split between the two states was lauded as a great accomplishment by all Minnesota legislators. In reference to the $100 million, longtime Minnesota Democrat Sen. Keith Langseth went so far as to say that, “We would be so happy to fund a diversion channel on the North Dakota side that we would very willingly come up with the money.” (Associated Press – Feb. 1, 2010)
Joint Powers Authority Board Becomes Diversion Authority
The alignment change from Minnesota to North Dakota was also a catalyst in changing the makeup of the board. In May 2011, the Metropolitan Flood Management Work Group unanimously approved the Joint Powers Authority Board made up of the same six entities, but this time with seven North Dakota members and two Minnesota members. This board later became the Diversion Authority board. For the first time since the Diversion Project’s inception, North Dakota would have the majority of the board membership.
“The biggest decisions that were made with respect to flood protection were made by a majority Minnesota and North Dakota board. It reflects that it was going to be in North Dakota. It reflects the diversion footprint, and it reflects the Staging Area,” said Darrell Vanyo, Chairman of the Diversion Authority.
The Joint Powers Agreement between the six entities also spelled out the voting powers in order to protect the minority power of its members and states involved. For example: a vote in the affirmative by a Minnesota member is needed in order to approve the annual budget and work plan, project alignment, and the hiring and firing of lobbyists and project managers. This provision was added to specifically address future misinterpretation by those who were not as involved when the Diversion Authority Board membership was agreed upon.
In June and July of 2011, the board membership and the 90/10 cost split between North Dakota and Minnesota was taken to the Clay County Commission, Moorhead City Council, Buffalo-Red River Watershed District, Cass County Commission, Fargo City Commission, and Cass County Commission for approval. All six entities in both States agreed to the proposal.
Minnesota and North Dakota Continue Cooperation
It is important for legislators and the public in Minnesota and North Dakota to know how the Diversion Project came to be. Minnesota and North Dakota lawmakers have worked arm in arm for five years to come up with the flood protection plan. In fact, there has not been a vote by a Minnesota board member in opposition to the majority since the inception of the Diversion Authority. There is a long history of cooperation between the two states on the Diversion Project, and continued cooperation will be necessary for many years to complete the Project.
- Agreement Reached to End Lawsuits and Compensate for Impacts from the Fargo-Moorhead Area Diversion Project — October 26, 2020
- ND State Engineer Approves Mitigation Plan for FM Area Diversion Project; Document outlines how Project will Mitigate Impacted Properties — June 2, 2020
- USACE FY 2020 Work Plan Provides $100 Million for Project — February 10, 2020
- FM Area Diversion Project Receives FEMA Conditional Letter of Map Revision — September 9, 2020